American Horse (elder)

Published on November 30, 2010 by John

Love this article and want to save it to read again later? Add it to your favourites! To find all your favourite posts, check out My Favourites on the menu bar.

Chief American Horse - Oglala Sioux 1898
Chief American Horse
Oglala Sioux 1898

American Horse (ca. 1820-1876) was a minor headman of the Oglala Lakota during the Plains Indian wars of the last half of the nineteenth century. More commonly known as Iron Plume, he was probably present at the Battle of the Little Bighorn and was mortally wounded at the Battle of Slim Buttes. He was fifth son of the old Chief Smoke (1774–1864).

dna testing, dna ancestry testing, ancestry, genealogy, indian genealogy records, paternity testing, turquoise jewelry, native american jewelry

Following the native victory over General George Armstrong Custer at the Little Bighorn in June 1876, the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne moved eastward where by early fall, many were encamped in the area of the Little Missouri River. A small group of about forty lodges, including minor headmen such as Roman Nose, Red Horse and Iron Plume, separated from the main villages and moved near Slim Buttes, South Dakota, apparently intending to quietly slip in to the Cheyenne River Agency to surrender. Unfortunately, they were discovered by a party of troops under Captain Anson Mills, an advance party of General George Crook’s column, and attacked.

During the battle, Iron Plume, four warriors, and fifteen women were backed into a cave, but refused to surrender. During the shooting, Iron Plume was mortally wounded by a shot through his bowels. After the battle, he was treated by an army surgeon, but little could be done for him and he died later that night.

Scout Frank Grouard identified the wounded man as American Horse, though later Lakota corrected his error, noting that the minor Indian headman was named Iron Plume. This has resulted in considerable confusion by later historians. Many have misidentified him as the Oglala American Horse and have even used portraits of him to represent Iron Plume. George Hyde, historian and author, incorrectly listed him as American Horse the elder, to distinguish him from the younger Oglala by the same name. Contrary to Hyde’s writing, these two men were not related. he was an Indian chief.

Source: Wikipedia

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged
Based on the collective work of NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, © 2014 Native American Encyclopedia.
Cite This Source | Link To American Horse (elder)
Add these citations to your bibliography. Select the text below and then copy and paste it into your document.

American Psychological Association (APA):

American Horse (elder) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Retrieved August 23, 2014, from NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com website: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/american-horse-elder/

Chicago Manual Style (CMS):

American Horse (elder) NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com. NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/american-horse-elder/ (accessed: August 23, 2014).

Modern Language Association (MLA):

"American Horse (elder)" NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Native American Encyclopedia 23 Aug. 2014. <NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/american-horse-elder/>.

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):

NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com, "American Horse (elder)" in NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged. Source location: Native American Encyclopedia http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/american-horse-elder/. Available: http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com. Accessed: August 23, 2014.

BibTeX Bibliography Style (BibTeX)

@ article {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com2014,
    title = {NativeAmericanEncyclopedia.com Unabridged},
    month = Aug,
    day = 23,
    year = 2014,
    url = {http://nativeamericanencyclopedia.com/american-horse-elder/},
}
You might also like:

Tags:  , , , , , ,

Facebook Comments

You must be logged in to post a comment.