Published on September 23, 2010 by John
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Alderville First Nation Logo
Alderville First Nation is a band of Mississaugas, a sub-nation of the Ojibwas. The Alderville and Sugar Island 37A reserves belong to that First Nation.
The Alderville First Nation is an Anishinaabe First Nation located in southern Ontario, Canada. As of September 2008, Alderville First Nation had 1007 registered band members, of which their on-Reserve population was only 313 people, meaning the majority of their registered population live outside the reserve (off-reserve) in neighbouring communities
The community is governed by an elected Chief and Council, and maintains political affiliations with the Ogemawahj Tribal Council, a non-political Regional Chiefs’ Council, and the Union of Ontario Indians (Anishinabek Nation), a Tribal Political Organization. As of 1 August 2009, the members of the Chief and Council are:
Chief: James Marsden
Councillor: Pamela Crowe
Councillor: Leonard Gray
Councillor: David Mowat
Councillor: Randall Smoke
The First Nation have reserved for themselves two areas. Their main reserve, the Alderville First Nation (formerly designated as Indian Reserve 37 by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada), is located near the south shores of Rice Lake in Ontario (44°11′N 78°04′W). It consists of 3 non-contiguous areas within the Alnwick/Haldimand Township approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of Cobourg, and occupies a total area of 1,199.8 hectares (2,965 acres). They also maintain a smaller parcel of land on nearby Sugar Island, the 40.5 hectares (100 acres) Sugar Island 37A Indian Reserve (44°13′N 78°8.25′W). It has been home to the Mississauga division of the Anishinaabe (Ojibwa) Nation since the mid-1830s.
Prior to its current location, the people of the community had lived in their traditional lands around the Bay of Quinte – located approximately 90 kilometers (56 mi) east of its current location. However, with the influx of refugee settlements following the American Revolution, the community found itself under increased pressure. Having lost its American colonies, the British were forced to relocate the soldiers and civilians loyal to the crown (also known as the United Empire Loyalists) around the Bay of Quinte area. The area is now home to the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte First Nation (also known as Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory), the land having been promised to Joseph Brant, leader of the Mohawks that were loyal to the British Monarchy.